Haggai s second prophecy began with the lord asking the returning remnant three questions. This summary of the book of haggai provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of haggai. The book of haggai offers future hope and encourages. Jan 22, 2019 means festive in hebrew, from the root. This is where we learn that the work of rebuilding the temple was interrupted for around 14 years but taken up again as a result of the prophetic ministry of haggai and zechariah in. It tells us to put first things first in our lives. The impelling message of haggai to his generation of apathetic jews was get up. He was the first of the three zechariah, his contemporary, and malachi, who was about one hundred years later, being the other two whose ministry belonged to the period of jewish history which began after the return from captivity in babylon. How should we understand the earthshaking, templemaking promises of haggai 2. Haggais prophecy condemned the jewish people for living in nice homes, asking, is it a time for you yourselves to dwell in your paneled houses, while this house lies in ruins. Verse 6 is the only verse in the book of haggai quoted in the new testament.
An easyenglish translation and commentary 1200 word vocabulary on the book of haggai. It was written to people like us, who would say that god must be first. This is one of the twelve minor prophets of the old testament. Some have understood the prophets question as teaching against christians having nice homes. A large emigration had taken place from the land of captivity to jerusalem. Haggai with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. He also pointed out when the people turned away from god, their needs. From these facts, the picture of haggai begins to come into focus. The first oracle calls for zerubbabel, the governor of judaea, and. Haggai definition, a minor prophet of the 6th century b. Haggai definition of haggai by the free dictionary. The historical setting dates around 520 bce before the temple has been rebuilt. Exhortations to zerubbabel, joshua, and the remnant of the people to rebuild the temple in light of the present suffering and future glory spur them to obedience so that the lord of hosts promises to bring about blessing, future glory when the nations are destroyed, and honor to zerubbabel as a future leader. Ackroyd studies in the book of haggai, jjs 2, 164 suggests that the oracles of the book were originally couched in poetic form.
In this second shortest book of the old testament after obadiah, haggai scolded his countrymen for living in paneled houses while the lords house had fallen into disarray. Haggai is the second shortest book in the old testament obadiah is shorter, and is quoted by the new testament once compare heb. The book of haggai, also called the prophecy of aggeus, the 10th of 12 old testament books that bear the names of the minor prophets. Haggai synonyms, haggai pronunciation, haggai translation, english dictionary definition of haggai. Haggai is the second shortest book in the old testament obadiah is shorter, and is quoted by. Understanding the book of haggai in the bible old testament.
Haggai called them not to be discouraged because this temple would not be quite as richly decorated as solomons. His is a thus saith the lord thirteen times this phrase, or one that is similar, occurs that makes it clear haggai is speaking gods words. The book of haggai was written in approximately 520 b. Author of the book of haggai haggai, one of the twelve minor prophets, was the first prophet after the babylonian exile, followed by zechariah and malachi. The author of the prophecy is identified simply as haggai the prophet or the prophet haggai 1. The book of haggai is only one composition among a rather rich corpus of hebrew literature of the sixth and fifth centuries b. Haggai zechariah malachi matthew the year was 520 bc. These events that build the historical background of the book of haggai are described in detail in the book of ezra. Haggai, zechariah the niv application commentary book 9 kindle edition by boda, mark j download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. The conditions of the times were the same as those described in haggai. Haggai summary we have detailed a brief summary of the book of haggai for bible study or sunday school lessons. Written about 520 bce by the prophet haggai, the book contains four oracles. This is the authority that must be in an effective ministry today.
He also pointed out when the people turned away from god, their needs were not met, but when they honored god, they prospered. In a recent study, christensen not only affirms that haggai was a poetical even musical text, but he sets forth an elaborate prosodic analysis demonstrating this. Haggai, zechariah the niv application commentary book 9. Haggai was a prophet who, along with zechariah, encouraged the returned exiles to rebuild the temple see ezr. Haggai is the 10th in the order of the twelve prophets. The book of haggai is a reminder of the problems the people of god faced at this time, how the people courageously trusted in god. Translators could also find the translated bible text useful, as the writer translated from the hebrew text. Gods people had returned from exile in persia in 539 19 years earlier. They came for one major purpose to rebuild the temple that had been destroyed by babylon in.
He exhorted them to turn from the uncleanness of their ways and to trust in gods sovereign power. Haggai is also mentioned twice in the book of ezra, the priest who oversaw the work of rebuilding the temple. Meaning, origin and history of the name haggai behind. Haggai is among the most carefully and precisely dated books in the entire bible.
His name means festive, implying he was born on a jewish feast day. Haggai wrote for jews who were rebuilding the temple in jerusalem, following the exile. Haggai commentary introduction lets open our bibles to the book of haggai. Some have understood the prophets question as teaching against christians. And really these blessings for those who obey the gospel and the curses for those who disobey and disbelieve continue on into eternity.
The term canon, from a hebrewgreek word meaning cane or measuring. The word haggai may mean festal, the prophet having been born perhaps on a festival day. In this book, haggai challenges israel after the exile to remain faithful to their god and rebuild the temple. A free bible study unit in easyenglish to show that god is sufficient whatever the problem. Postfixed with the possessive yod the name haggai may mean my feast. Because his name means festal one, it is suggested that haggai was born on a feast day. The book of haggai was written 70 years after this prophesied exile and recounts the experience of a small group of israelites, led by joshua and zerubbabel, who had returned to rebuild jerusalem. Information about book of haggai in the dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. Book of haggai an old testament book telling the prophecies of haggai which are concerned mainly with rebuilding the temples after the babylonian. It is a postexilic book, meaning it was written after post the captivity exile in babylon. In the book of haggai, god refers to zerubbabel as my servant as king david was, and says he will make him as a signet ring, as king jehoiachin was haggai 2. The book of haggai is a book of the hebrew bible or tanakh, and has its place as the thirdtolast of the minor prophets. A summary, synopsis or recap is a shortened version of the original. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading haggai, zechariah the niv application commentary book 9.
Haggai definition and meaning collins english dictionary. Haggai, the writer of this short book, is mentioned in ezra 5. The book of haggai, also known as the book of aggeus, is a book of the hebrew bible or tanakh, and has its place as the thirdtolast of the minor prophets. Information and translations of book of haggai in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. And we see some parallels to this in the next and last prophecy of this book. In greek haggaios, in latin, aggaeus or aggeus, sometimes haggaeus. His message was largely positive, encouraging his hearers. Haggai is a minor prophet of israel who wrote around 520 bc, the time when israel had returned from exile and was recreating the country haggai 1. Aug 15, 2018 in this second shortest book of the old testament after obadiah, haggai scolded his countrymen for living in paneled houses while the lords house had fallen into disarray.
Twice in this short book, haggai the prophet announces that heaven and earth will be shaken by the lord 2. The book of haggai is the first of the three postexile prophets. Haggai s prophecy condemned the jewish people for living in nice homes, asking, is it a time for you yourselves to dwell in your paneled houses, while this house lies in ruins. Book of haggai overview insight for living ministries. Haggai supported the officials of his time, specifically zerubbabel, the governor, and joshua the high priest.
Introduction the prophets to the returned remnant were haggai, zechariah, and malachi. The book of haggai is a reminder of the problems the people of god faced at this time, how the people courageously trusted in god and how god provided for their needs. The book of haggai, the second shortest in the old testament, communicates this same message. The book of haggai, the 10th book of the twelve minor prophets, is a brief work of only two chapters. Study haggai 1 using matthew henrys bible commentary concise to better understand scripture with full outline and verse meaning. The prophet haggai recorded his four messages to the jewish people of jerusalem in 520 bc, eighteen years after their return from exile in babylon 538 bc. Book of haggai definition of book of haggai by the free.
The great purpose which the returning exiles had in view was the rebuilding of the temple, as the centrepoint of the restored nation. The book of haggai, second shortest in the old testament, has a potent message. May 03, 2017 the book of haggai is a book of the hebrew bible or tanakh, and has its place as the thirdtolast of the minor prophets. Key personalities are haggai, zerubbabel, and joshua. The book of haggai is narrative history and prophetic oracle. But the yod may also create an adjective, which appears to be preferred by scholars. Haggai may, however, be a shortened form of haggiah 1 chronicles 6. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word book of haggai. Book of haggai synonyms, book of haggai pronunciation, book of haggai translation, english dictionary definition of book of haggai. Hebrew proper names were sometimes formed in this manner, e.915 1492 615 782 1331 778 295 1499 1340 314 233 1503 133 176 415 446 765 1447 786 284 464 1190 344 165 210 446 996 837 248 903 982 487 59 1353 924 135