One short text that comes to mind is a war of streets and houses written in the 19th century during the french colonial wars in algeria. In a book, journalist mariemonique robin alleges that french secret agents taught argentine intelligence agents. This video is about the causes of the algerian war of independence 195462. Apr 19, 2019 the algerian war of independence, fought from 1954 to 1962, is one such conflict that is often oversimplified. It is hard to convey the public impact of frances war to maintain her colonial grip on algeria. This book does not whitewash the atrocities committed by both sides.
The great war for civilisation by robert fisk books. The algerian conflict raged for eight bloody years and almost became a civil war. Algeria 19541962 was republished last year and speaks to us clearly, yet again. Aug 24, 2015 last week, we discussed algerias war of independence from france in the 1950s. There are a myriad of books that you can read about warfare, battles and strategy. The president made a rare acknowledgement of his countrys use of torture in the algerian war. More than fifty years after algerian independence, albert camus algerian chronicles appears here in english for the first time. Guerre dalgerie, algerian war was a war between france and the algerian independence movements from 1954 to 1962, which led to algeria gaining its independence from france. Macrons stunning acknowledgement of torture in algeria. The algerian war, 195462 by martin windrow, 9781855326583, available at book depository with free delivery worldwide. Guerrilla warfare is a form of irregular warfare in which small groups of combatants, such as paramilitary personnel, armed civilians, or irregulars, use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hitandrun tactics, and mobility, to fight a larger and lessmobile traditional military. The scale of french retaliations instilled fear and anger among the algerian population and vengeance among the pied noirs. It was an intense little war and i dont recall what kinds of rifles, machineguns and pistols were used by the algerian side. There is no such thing as a history of the algerian war.
Torture in the algerian war 195462 world socialist. Introduction the war between france and the algerian people, in the middle of the 20th century, was one of the deadliest and most cruel conflicts of its kind in that century. The algerian war of independence was a brutal and bitter struggle, one which continues to haunt both countries today. Second, if you are unfamiliar with the algerian war and the events of may 1958, do a little research first i read the praetorians simultaneously with the classic history of the war, a savage war of peace by alistair horne a great book i recommend and a fabulous twobook reading experience. The algerian war, also known as the algerian war of independence or the algerian revolution berber. And this updated edition is particularly wellpackaged and attractive to the modern reader for whom the algerian war might otherwise be a mere asterisk on the bloody history of. According to historian benjamin stora, one of the leading historians on the algerian war, memories concerning the war remain fragmented, with no common ground to speak of.
The descent into violence of algerias civil war return. When guerrillas obey the laws of conventional warfare they are entitled, if captured, to be treated as ordinary prisoners of war. Guerrilla warfare and its role during the heroic years of the algerian war. The algerian war, also known as the algerian war of independence or the algerian revolution. Last week, we discussed algerias war of independence from france in the 1950s. Dude is brilliant, but his books are very very dense. Algerianfalkland wars vocab list flashcards quizlet. Robert fisk has lived as a journalist in the middle east for nearly 30 years, half his.
As a result of the fighting and of the exodus of colonists, the algerian economy lay in ruins. Score a book s total score is based on multiple factors, including the number of people who have voted for it and how highly those voters ranked the book. The algerian war of independence, and the tactics employed by both sides throughout the conflict, influenced the wars that would follow, such as that of vietnam. Reflections on the french algerian war 2000, contains the collected and translated notes of mouloud feraoun, an algerian kabyle who lived through most of the french algerian war and was ultimately assassinated by the oas, an extremist group composed of french residents of algeria that were attempting to prevent algerian. Verdun 1916, how far from austerlitznapoleon 18051815 and the official biography of british prime minister harold macmillan. This peculiar outlook colored every aspect of late 20thcentury strategy and tactics and gave rise to a new understanding of the purpose, design, and use of. The report that was to change everything, icrc, 19 august 2005. It might be helpful in providing background knowledge on the algerian war and some other key information, my historical context was not perfect but it is sort of helpful you should. Algerian war, also called algerian war of independence, 195462 war for algerian independence from france. General khalid nezzar is a controversial figure in algerian politics.
Ben khedda, the moderate leader of the gpra, formed the initial algerian government, but in sept. Alistair hornes brilliant history of the algerian war is one of the best books of its kind ever written. The algerian war, also known as the algerian war of independence or the algerian revolution arabic language. A chronology of the algerian war of independence the. Algeria, 19541962 by alistair horne, the stranger by albert camus, decolonizing christianity. This new edition includes the original preface written in 1977 in which the west was coping with its misunderstanding of the third world most recently displayed in vietnam. Using recently released french official documents and a variety of other sources, this study explains how the french army, so recently defeated by the viet minh insurgents in indochina, was able to successfully defeat the algerian nationalist rebels on the battlefield, while nevertheless losing the war at the conference table. Harkis, now called french muslims of algerian descent, had. The conquest of the middle east by robert fisk 1,283pp, harpercollins. Aug 07, 2015 the scale of french retaliations instilled fear and anger among the algerian population and vengeance among the pied noirs. Verdun 1916, how far from austerlitz napoleon 18051815 and the official biography of british prime minister harold macmillan. May, 2014 differences between dien bien phu and algerian guerrilla tactics. The french government censored material related to the war in both books and. The algerian war of independence, fought from 1954 to 1962, is one such conflict that is often oversimplified.
It is frequently laid out in binary terms as a contest between the algerian national liberation front fln, which was fighting for algerian independence, and france, its colonial ruler. It tells the story of the frenchalgerian war, which ended with the victory of the national liberation front fln and an independent algeria, a land that france had considered an integral part of metropolitan france itself. Pushpinder khanekas literary tour of algeria explores french colonialism, the war of independence and the opaque politics of the. Algerian war cause and effects by ethan eismont on prezi.
The civil war ended in a victory for the algerian government. Moreover, before the mass exodus to france, the french disarmed the harkis and left them behind. Differences between dien bien phu and algerian guerrilla tactics. To some he saved the nation from sliding into the abyss of religious radical governance. Reflections on the frenchalgerian war 2000, contains the collected and translated notes of mouloud feraoun, an algerian kabyle who lived through most of the frenchalgerian war and was ultimately assassinated by the oas, an extremist group composed of french residents of algeria that were attempting to prevent algerian independence. Aug 24, 2003 the 1950s, 60s, and 70s were the era of the limited war and the lowintensity conflict. We will now turn our attention to another conflict in that beautiful but unfortunate country. Nearly 40 years ago, alistair horne wrote a magnificent book, a savage war of peace. List of books and articles about guerrilla warfare. This is my worksheet i did one day in preparation for the midassessment. List of books and articles about algerian history online. Guerrilla warfare and its role during the heroic years.
Torture during the algerian war of independence military. Every hot spot in middle east, africa, asia or south america was suddenly part of the cold war. Violent tactics used by the national liberation front against the french settlers and torture used by the french army as a response are very controversial topics in algerian history. The first 9th zouave regiment existed from 1914 until the fall of france in 1940, a second 9th zouaves was raised in the second world war and disbanded after the algerian war 194362, and a third 9th zouaves existed as a nominal unit from 1982 to 2006 representing a commando training school. The french armys war in algeria has always aroused passions. Alistair horne is the author of eighteen previous books, including a savage war of peace. Sep 14, 2018 the president made a rare acknowledgement of his countrys use of torture in the algerian war. You need to get down the basics of how an army on the move operates and thinks. By french standards, it was a monumental reckoning. The algerian war of independence from 1954 to 1962 is a war which often is referred to as a guerrilla war. Especially controversial has been an acknowledgement that torture was practised systematically, and the fact that french governments refused until 1999 to admit that algeria was a real war, not just a law and order problem.
Macrons stunning acknowledgement of torture in algeria the. Guerrilla groups are a type of violent nonstate actor. Encyclopedia of the age of war and reconstruction dictionary. This synthesis allows him to step outside of the strict boundaries of history and frame his narrative around the idea of turning points in the history of the conflict, which. Which are the best books to read on military tactics and. He realized that the war was a waste of men and resources and called for the stop of it. Waged primarily by muslim nationals against european colonists protected by the french army, the war was marked by. The nation this book is one result of marans scholarly work.
The conflict at home over the algerian warwhich is to say, the virtual civil war fought within france over the war in algeriawas part of a grand struggle for the soul of france, for the very. The foreign legion and elite airborne units made up the rest of the force. List of books and articles about guerrilla warfare online. Marans treatment of french torture in algeria is entirely relevant to people in the united states today. Anthonys college, oxford, and lives in oxfordshire. The algerian war remains a contentious event today. Aug 17, 2015 the algerian war of independence was a brutal and bitter struggle, one which continues to haunt both countries today. The lesson, then, of jean larteguys two novels of the algerian war, the. The algerian war of independence was to say the least, a very prickly affair.
Frances war in algeria from 195462 has prompted new historical research and political polemics since 1992. The descent into violence of algerias civil war return of. Torture in the algerian war 195462 world socialist web site. While france celebrates ve day, muslim protesters in setif organize to demand algerian independence. Frances undeclared war making of the modern world by evans, martin isbn. Their weapons were hunting rifles, shotguns, and home made bombs. Even today, the war is known in the arab world as the revolution of a million martyrs in honor of the high algerian casualty rate.
Philippeville began rampant bloodshed and an unrestrained war that would last until 1962. The failures and arrogance of the french allowed insurgents to emerge the victors of the algerian war of 19541962. The algerian war of independence, fought from 1954 to 1962, is one such. Published to coincide with the 200th anniversary of frances declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen, this book looks in depth at the use of torture during the french algerian war 19541962 to reveal the failure of that liberal democratic state to uphold its obligations on rights.
Second, if you are unfamiliar with the algerian war and the events of may 1958, do a little research first i read the praetorians simultaneously with the classic history of the war, a savage war of peace by alistair horne a great book i recommend and a fabulous two book reading experience. An example can be found in the case of algerias decolonization. This trajectory silenced the voices on both sides that called for moderation, and the algerian war of independence 19541962 was thus characterized by fln terrorism and french brutality. Guerre dalgerie or revolution algerienne was a war between france and the algerian independence movements from 1954 to 1962, which led to algeria gaining its independence from france. The most vivid section of mauduits book deals with his arrest and. You had to leave algeria because you were a foreign invader who had his own country called france and you treated the algerian natives as second class citizens in their own country. Becket has a book i havent read modern insurgencies and counterinsurgencies and supposedly its very good. When the insurrection failed, the oas turned to terrorism. French counterinsurgency failures in the algerian war of. In a book, journalist marie monique robin alleges that french secret agents taught argentine intelligence agents. Algerian war, 195462 war for algerian independence from france. West germany, cold war europe and the algerian war by.
Pied noir favorite favorite favorite favorite favorite april 17, 2007 subject. One of its hallmarks was its extensive use of guerrilla warfare, but to what extent. This colloquial anecdote can be used to demonstrate that outsiders often view the behavior and policy of french government with contempt at their perceived arrogance. By 1956, the french army had swollen to 400,000, including 170,000 muslim algerian volunteers. And this updated edition is particularly wellpackaged and attractive to the modern reader for whom the algerian war might otherwise be a mere asterisk on the bloody history of midtwentieth century anticolonial wars. This book is an examination of the french civilizing mission and its contradictions with respect to torture tactics used in the french algerian war. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders.
A savage war of peace is alistair hornes classic account of the 19541962 algerian war, the bloody colonial rebellion that brought the government of france to the brink of collapse and put an end to more than a. See matthew connelly, taking off the cold war lens. Apr 09, 2001 torture in the algerian war 195462 the algerian war 195462 by marianne arens and francoise thull 9 april 2001 the french army systematically used torture and murder in algeria against its. The movement for independence began during world war i 191418 and gained momentum after french promises of greater selfrule in algeria went unfulfilled after world war ii 193945. I have been very curious of late what kind of small arms were used by the algerian side in the algerian war of independence of 19541962. Published in france in 1958, the same year the algerian war brought about the collapse of the fourth french republic, it is one of camus most political works an exploration of his commitments to algeria.247 16 290 425 250 301 215 333 843 387 1197 523 1147 1022 5 713 589 712 735 1469 965 485 623 788 366 772 1348 242 50 13 771 141 102 319 600 786 202 1398 376 1064 348 9 642 1175 177 1456