Does 10,000 hour rule mentioned in outliers 2008 book. Gladwell suggests that gates success rested on his ability to seize the opportunities and work with singleminded dedication to accumulate more than 10,000 hours of computer programming experience before almost anyone else did. The concept of the 10,000 hour rule is derived from. Emanuel lasker, in his manual of chess, claimed that 120 hours of guided. The rule has always accounted for talent and intelligence differences. This rule, which was made famous by malcolm gladwell in his book, the outliers, states that to master a skill of choice, it requires at least 10,000 hours of persistent practice. Aug 14, 2012 one of the most interesting parts of malcolm gladwells fantastic book outliers is his discussion of the 10,000hour rule, which posits that it takes about 10,000 hours of dedicated practice to truly master a skill, be it playing the violin, computer programming, or skateboarding. The 10,000hour rule was wrong, according to the people who. Thats what it takes in order to become a master of your craft.
The 10,000 hour rule expounded upon by malcolm gladwell never seemed to be an etchedinstone, hard and fast rule. Its surprisingly hard to define practice in this situation. Surely you can spare 2 hours each week for some hobby. So here is my 1,000hour rule, a much gentler version of the 10,000hour rule. Think about what you could accomplish if you devoted two hours a day to deliberate practice. Mar 08, 2015 it all adds up from the age of six to his twenties his father has taught and mentored him, molded and perfected young mozart. Anders ericsson and was popularized by the malcolm gladwell book outliers. Malcolm gladwells new book, outliers, and the 10,000. And of course there are biological advantages bone structure, height, etc and its not too crazy to think that this applies to the brain as well. Although some studies have pushed back against the idea, it still has its vocal adherents, among them major league baseball star. To be so freakishly awesome, to be such a standout among your peers, that. By age twenty, the elite performers averaged more than 10,000 hours of practice each, while the less able performers had only 4,000 hours of practice.
What malcolm gladwell really said about the 10,000 hour rule. Someone like bill gates had a passion for computers, but he also had the opportunity to put in 10,000 hours programming at a state of the art computer early in his teens. A new study challenges the idea that 10,000 hours of practice is the key to greatness. The merely good students had logged about 8,000 hours, and the future music teachers had totaled about 4,000 hours. The 10,000 hours rule says that if you look at any kind of cognitively complex field, from playing chess to being a neurosurgeon, we see this incredibly consistent pattern that you cannot be good at that unless you practice for 10,000 hours, which is roughly ten years, if you think about four hours a day. Throughout the book, gladwell used the 10,000 hour rule as the key to achieve success.
When psychologists talk about deliberate practice, they mean practicing in a way that. The story of success is the third nonfiction book written by malcolm gladwell and. However, even though this has largely been disputed, there is some truth to it. The 10,000 hour rule closely associated with pop psych writer malcolm gladwell may not be much of a rule at all. The tipping point, blink, outliers, what the dog saw, and david and goliath. Someone like bill gates had a passion for computers, but he also had the opportunity to put in 10,000 hours programming at a state of the art computer. Hopefully it stimulates some debate and internal reflection amongst. Inevitably, notions of the 10,000 hours rule and deliberate practice have entered into the football associations and premier leagues thinking notably through zthe future game publication, and the elite player performance plan 1 this research briefing provides an overview of ericsson and colleagues ideas, the supportive and. The 10,000 hour rule about becoming an expert is wrong heres why. A clip that i made about the 0 hours rule mentioned in malcolm gladwells book. In fact, by the age of twenty, the elite performers had each totaled ten thousand hours of practice.
The 10,000 hours rule is a myththe person whos most miffed by it is the guy whose research its based on. Pdf downloads of all 1282 litcharts literature guides, and of every new one we publish. The 10,000 hour rule the age of twenty they were practicingthat is, purpose fully and singlemindedly playing their instruments with the intent to get betterwell over thirty hours a week. Thought the rule may seem hard, its not what is hard about doing something you love. He is also the cofounder of pushkin industries, an audio content company that produces the podcasts revisionist history, which reconsiders things both overlooked and misunderstood, and broken record, where he, rick rubin, and bruce headlam. At the time i read outliers and gladwells 10,000 hour rule, i was fascinated. Nov 30, 2015 a second example in outliers, were the beatles. This difference adds up to some 700 hours more a year, or about 7,000 hours more a decade. Jul 09, 2018 gladwell puts forward this theory in his 2008 book outliers. Jul 07, 2014 is the 10,000hour rule a big fat myth. Gladwell reminds us that 20 hours a week for 10 years adds up to 10,000 hours. Michelan gelo youve probably heard of the 10,000 hour rule the idea that it takes around 10,000 hours of deliberate practice to develop a skill to mastery. The famous band played long8 hours at a timegigs in german clubs before their american invasion, which allowed them to achieve the 10,000 hour threshold on stage performing at a much quicker pace than other bands.
Yet in the trucking industry, those who survive their first year without an accident usually start having them at six or seven. Jul 04, 2014 new study destroys malcolm gladwells famous 10,000 hour rule. Perhaps the most popular current success formula is the 10,000 hour rule popularized by malcolm gladwell. Title the 10,000 hours rule and why young athletes need to know about it. The 10,000hour rule the age of twenty they were practicingthat is, purpose fully and singlemindedly playing their instruments with the intent to get betterwell over thirty hours a week. The 10,000 hour rule allowed him to meat the end and exceeded the standard of the music world. The principle holds that 10,000 hours of deliberate practice are. The 10,000hour rule was wrong, according to the people.
Aug 19, 2017 the 10, 000 hour rule is the theory that it takes 10 000 hours of practice to become an expert in something and seems to be most frequently applied to the fields of sport and music. For gladwell, it meant correctly practicing a skill for around 10,000 hours in order to arrive at an expertise thats considered to be worldclass. By age 20, the professionals had logged at least 10,000 hours of practice. He doesnt address why exactly the 10,000 hour rule doesnt stick to sports, but we can infer that its genetic one reason fourtime nba scoring champion kevin durant is unguardable because he. It really only gets you into the 85th to 90th percentile. The elite had more than double the practice hours of the less capable performers. Gladwell david epstein and malcom gladwell are having a bit of a debate. The rule tells us, a mere 10,000 hours of dedicated practice in your.
The problem is, gladwell never said you needed 10,000 hours to be an expert, you need 10,000 hours to be a phenom. Anders ericsson, a psychologist and later on, popularized by malcolm gladwell in his book entitled outliers, the 10,000 hour rule argues that anyone can be an expert of various fields by allotting thousands of hours. In 1960, while they were still an unknown high school rock band, the beatles went. Author antony young date 261011 audience coaches, junior athletes, parents, teachers, sports development officials background this document is based upon the authors personal opinion and is not a scientific study. The hidden driver of excellence public library, celebrated psychologist and journalist daniel goleman, bestknown for his influential 1995 book emotional intelligence, debunks the 10,000 hour mythology to reveal the more complex truth beneath the popular rule of thumb. The 10,000 hour rule in malcolm gladwells outliers. If people knew how hard i worked to gain my mastery, it wouldnt seem so wonderful. The story of success is the third nonfiction book written by malcolm gladwell and published by little, brown and company on november 18, 2008. Apart from acknowledging luck, timing and an open mind, gates suggests that a successful person survives many cycles of attrition to make it to 10,000 hours of experience. The 10,000 hour rule and what it means for language teaching. Individual skill, talent, genetics, determination, circumstances, etc. Below is a summary of malcolm caldwells perspective on the 10, 000 hour rule he basically argues. Over the past decade, everyone seems to have heard of the socalled 10,000 hour rule, popularized by malcolm gladwell in his book outliers. This rule states that people dont become masters at complex things programming, music, painting, free throws until they have accrued 10,000 hours of practice.
Sports specialization and the 10,000 hour rule news. How the 10,000 hour rule benefits us education revolution. Malcolm gladwell is the author of five new york times bestsellers. The 10, 000 hour rule is the theory that it takes 10 000 hours of practice to become an expert in something and seems to be most frequently applied to the fields of sport and music. The story of success affiliate link, which if you havent read it, i highly recommend it. The 10,000hour rule about becoming an expert is wrong. Inevitably, notions of the 10,000 hours rule and deliberate practice have entered into the football associations and premier.
New study destroys malcolm gladwells famous 10,000 hour rule. The 10,000 hour rule, the idea that becoming worldclass in something requires 10,000 hours of dedicated practice, originated with k. To bolster his claim, he points out that bill gates success was a result of over 10,000 hours of practice. Over the past decade, everyone seems to have heard of the socalled 10,000hour rule, popularized by malcolm gladwell in his book outliers. If youre working on a new skill, forget the 10,000 hour rule. A common theme that appears throughout outliers is the 10,000 hour rule, based on a. Why oprah winfrey loves the malcolm gladwell 10,000 hours rule. Jun 23, 2016 the 10,000 hours rule, is it accurate or not. When the time came to launch microsoft in 1975, the two were ready. In his new and excellent book the sports gene, epstein takes strong issue with the idea that 10,000 hours of practice is a useful rule of thumb for how much practice it. This is one of those times where reading the summary on blinkist first really pays off. One of the most interesting parts of malcolm gladwells fantastic book outliers is his discussion of the 10,000 hour rule, which posits that it takes about 10,000 hours of dedicated practice to truly master a skill, be it playing the violin, computer programming, or skateboarding gladwell covers several tantalizing examples, from the beatles to bill gates, and argues that the biggest. Complexity and the tenthousandhour rule the new yorker.
Jun 09, 2016 the 10,000hour rule was wrong, according to the people who wrote the original study. Feb 20, 2010 malcolm gladwell interview on outliers. Malcom gladwell popularized the 10,000 rule initially proposed by anders ericsson in his book outliers and the cultural phenomenon it created might partly explain the boom in youth sports specialization. All great success stories have similarities, and one of them is that successful individuals spend a lot of time practicing and working on their craft. Sports specialization and the 10,000 hour rule a brief look at sports specialization and the 10,000 hour rule jace peters, dc. The researchers also studied professional and amateur pianists and got the same result. It appears to me that he is informed enough, educated enough, experienced enough, intuitive enough to put for a psychological standard for the majority of people who what the proverbial bar. The 10,000hour rule in malcolm gladwells book, outliers. The 10,000 hours rule dictates that you need an enormous volume of time. Malcolm gladwells 0 hours rule explained more than. If you do this for 10,000 hours, you should no longer be bad at it.
A common theme that appears throughout outliers is the 10,000 hour rule, based on a study by anders ericsson. The 10,000 hour rule was invented by malcolm gladwell who stated that, researchers have settled on what they believe is the magic number for true expertise. Anders ericsson and was brought to a huge audience by. The 10,000 hour rule simply refers to the fact that most people get really, really good at something after 10,000 hours. However, at age eight, practice times began to diverge. For those not on the bandwagon, the so called 10,000hour rule is based on a study by k. What are some great examples of the 10,000 hour rule. We would estimate, very roughly, that a master has spent perhaps 10,000 to 50,000 hours staring at chess positions in the years that followed. The principle holds that 10,000 hours of deliberate practice. This 10,000 hours of practice rule is based on research by psychologist anders ericsson, now at florida state university. If you assume that i spend an average of 5 hours per day writing i definitely spend more time than that on many days. Thousands of hours reading, contemplating, conversing, asking questions and searching for answers, looking at the bigger picture from different angles, and discovering how people they admire handle challenges.
In outliers, gladwell examines the factors that contribute to high levels of success. I claim that it takes roughly 1,000 hours of practice to get good at something. Gates and allen acquired their 10,000 hours through this and other clever teenage schemes. As outliers became popular, so did the principle of the 10,000 hour rule. The 10,000 hour rule came from studies in motor learning looking at mastery. The beatles performed live in hamburg, germany over 1,200 times from 1960 to 1964, amassing more than 10,000 hours of playing time, therefore. To summarize, the ten thousand hour rule states that in order to be successful you will have to complete 10,000 hours of practice. Print and download in pdf or midi 10,000 hours feat. Dont think that ive figured it out but i simply dont believe if you truly want to achieve something it will take you 10,000 hours, thinking about that logically look at it if you made this something that you want to learn as a full time job. The 10,000 hour rule was wrong, according to the people who wrote the original study. The 10,000 hour rule may be a good approximation, but its far from being practical. Accelerate your learning by deconstructing complex skills, practicing the most important elements first, and removing barriers to deliberate practice. The rule says to become worldclass at anything, you have to put in 10,000 hours of practice, which equals to about 5 years of uninterrupted 40 hour workweeks worth of practice.
If you dont, others will have a head start on you in the 10,000 hours of. This is the scholarly tradition i was referring to in my book outliers, when i wrote about the tenthousandhour rule. The 10,000 hour rule is not real smart news smithsonian. Wolfgang amadeus mozart is successful because not only he was an outliers, but because he utilized the 10,000 hour rule. Jul 16, 2017 when i read malcolm gladwells book, outliers, many years ago, where he says you need approximately 10,000 hours of purposeful and deliberate practice to master something it made a bit of sense, although i thought it was clearly a gross simplifica.
The 10,000 hour rule and what it means for language teaching conference paper pdf available november 2014 with 4,424 reads how we measure reads. Mar 15, 2012 what malcolm gladwell really said about the 10,000 hour rule too many times, people misquote malcolm gladwells 10,000 hour rule regarding being an expert. Consistent and directed focus over time is a pretty well proven path for success neurologically we rewire our brains based on our sensory input, so, all studies aside, there is specific biological proof here. The principle holds that 10,000 hours of deliberate practice are needed to become worldclass in any field. Its not really about devoting 10,000 hours, though time helps. Malcolm gladwell explains what everyone gets wrong about his famous 10,000 hour rule drake baer. Mini lesson about malcolm gladwells 10,000 hour rule. The only thing i knew about malcolm gladwells book outliers, was that this is the book that the 10,000 hour rule came from. Throughout his book, gladwell repeatedly refers to the 10 000 hour rule, asserting that the key to achieving true expertise in any skill is simply a matter of practicing, albeit in the correct way, for at least 10 000 hours. Oct 21, 2011 a clip that i made about the 0 hours rule mentioned in malcolm gladwells book. The 10,000 hour rule in hamburg, we had to play for eight hours. To overcome what kaufman calls the frustration barrier that period in the beginning when youre painfully incompetent and you know it you must commit to sticking with your new activity for at least 20 hours. Did this rule of 10,000 hours apply to athletes as well.
Malcolm gladwell wrote that it took 10,000 hours to become a specialist at anything, from chess. We discuss outliers by malcolm gladwell which looks at some reasons why world renowned experts have succeeded in their field. The mysterious 10,000 hour rule of success wake up cloud. Help translate this video if you loved this video, help people in other.
He does a great job of illustrating that people who are commonly regarding as masters are really just people who hit the 10,000 hour mark very early in their lifetimes. Language learning in terms of hours applying the 10,000 hour rule though the archibald et al do not state say how they arrived at the number of 95 hours per year, this number could be derived through deduction. This ten thousand hour rule represents the other side of the success coin. Malcolm gladwell said you have to have 0 hours in a subject to be an expert, they will often state. This, says gladwell, is true even if you are a prodigy. New study destroys malcolm gladwells famous 10,000 hour. The 10,000 hour rule stems from the work of anders ericsson, who studied the development of expertise in a variety of domains, including sport and music. The 10,000 hour rule is from gladwells book, outliers. Anders ericsson, founder of the 10,000 hours rule, has clarified what new research is saying about this rule. Sep 17, 2015 it wasnt until middle school where i was presented with a rule that changed my perspective of success. The 10,000 hour rule is a popular ideology that when you put 10,000 hours practicing deliberately on an activity you can master it. Gladwell claims that greatness requires enormous time, using the source of the beatles musical talents and gates computer savvy as examples. Check out our revolutionary sidebyside summary and analysis. New study destroys malcolm gladwells 10,000 rule business.
Thats ten years of driving for the normal car driver. That 10,000 hour rule has wormed its way into popular consciousness, and its appealing it simplifies the mystifying nature of expertise into achievable steps. The universitys enormous mainframe computers stood in the middle of a vast white room. Mar 01, 2014 a much touted theory suggests that practising any skill for 10,000 hours is sufficient to make you an expert.1431 587 68 67 713 564 164 711 640 1491 135 542 1245 1396 598 1252 702 363 1509 1444 1125 432 504 838 1401 469 946